|The shipping forecast is a 4 times, daily radio broadcast (on BBC Radio 4) which outlines weather conditions for coastal and offshore areas around the UK.The map below shows the different shipping areas and their relevant names. Each forecast takes the same structure and reports for each shipping area are read out moving in a clockwise direction.|
|GalesThe first part of the shipping forecast will outline any areas in which there are gale warnings. For example the broadcast may start as follows:AND NOW THE SHIPPING FORECAST ISSUED BY THE MET.OFFICE AT 1725 ON WEDNESDAY 05 FEBRUARY 2003
THERE ARE WARNINGS OF GALES IN HEBRIDES BAILEY FAIR ISLE FAEROES AND SOUTHEAST ICELAND
A gale is winds which measures at least Force 8 of the Beaufort Scale.
Gales – key terms
Imminent – Expected within 6 hours of time of issue.
|The next part of the forecast is a description of weather which is coming across the Atlantic. This is called the general synopsis and looks as follows:THE GENERAL SYNOPSIS AT MIDDAY
LOW GERMAN BIGHT 1002 MOVING STEADILY SOUTHEAST FILLING. SLOW-MOVING LOW DENMARK STRAIT 968 DEEPENING 963 BY MIDDAY TOMORROW. NEW LOW FORMING 100 MILES NORTH OF ICELAND 966 BY SAME TIMEThe synopsis basically outlines the movement of pressure systems.
Movement of pressure systems – Key Terms
The report the covers the weather for each shipping area, moving round in a clockwise direction. The forecast is made up of three pieces of information:
It will sound as follows for each area:
THE AREA FORECASTS FOR THE NEXT 24 HOURS